Tobacco use is the leading behavioural risk factor for cardiovascular diseases including heart disease and stroke. Smoking causes around 20,000 deaths from heart and circulatory disease in the UK each year. August 2021.
This research report reviews the health consequences of Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) and reveals that quitting smoking is the best form of treatment. PAD is a type of vascular disease that affects the arteries. Smoking is the most important preventable risk factor for peripheral arterial disease. December 2017.ASH Research Report: Smoking and Peripheral Arterial Disease (1933 downloads)