Stop Smoking Services still successful but need to do better if NHS shortfall is to be plugged

18 August 2016.

Figures published today show a further significant 15% decline in the number of smokers seeking help to quit from the Stop Smoking Services in England.  The services are as effective as ever, increasing smokers’ chances to quit by up to fourfold over cold turkey but they are reaching fewer smokers. Of particular concern is the decline in smokers who need the services most, such as pregnant smokers who find it particularly difficult to quit unaided. [1]

The NHS England Five Year Forward (FYFV) view forecast a £22 billion shortfall in funding for the NHS by 2020 which could only be plugged if there was “a radical upgrade in prevention and public health”. [2] Smoking kills more people than the next six causes of preventable premature death put together, so tackling smoking is core to a successful prevention strategy. However, government funding cuts to public health budgets have led to cuts in stop smoking services, making it increasingly difficult for them to deliver. [3]

Between April 2015 and March 2016  68,082 fewer smokers set a quit date with the Stop Smoking Services in England, compared with the previous year. This is the 4th consecutive year to show a fall in the number of people using the services.  At the 4-week follow-up   195,170  people – 51% – reported that they had successfully stopped smoking. [1]

Stop Smoking Services remain effective and incredibly cost-effective. A review found that over ten years of operation, the English Stop Smoking Services increased their reach and impact threefold.  In 2010/11 it is estimated that they helped more than 20,000 people to achieve long term abstinence. [4]

Services offer the best way of helping people to quit and to stay smokefree. With proper investment they can be very successful in attracting smokers from lower socio-economic groups where smoking prevalence is highest. [4]

Dr Andy McEwen, Executive Director of the National Centre for Smoking Cessation and Training (NCSCT) said:

“The Stop Smoking Services provide a vital lifesaving service for smokers addicted to tobacco and the real difference they make to hundreds of thousands of people each year is shown by the latest figures.  They are proven to be effective and cost-effective, and it’s therefore very worrying that some local authorities are downgrading or even decommissioning their services. Such an approach is short-sighted and will end up costing lives and harming communities.

We need a fresh approach to measuring the success of the services with a focus on quality of care rather than simply the number of people they see, which is largely not under the control of the services.”  

Deborah Arnott, chief executive of health charity ASH said:

“Smoking is responsible for half the difference in life expectancy between the richest and poorest in society. Stop smoking services provide the support smokers need to quit successfully, but they are under threat from local authority budget cuts. 

The government needs to ensure that local authorities continue to be funded to provide specialist stop smoking services targeted at those with greatest need if they are to succeed in reducing health inequalities. The obesity strategy has not delivered, the government promised a new tobacco control strategy this summer which we await with interest. It needs to deliver if the Prime Minister is to succeed in her ambition to improve the life chances of the poorest in society.”   [5]


Notes and Links:

[1] Stop Smoking Services in England: April 2015 to March 2016, NHS

[2] Five Year Forward View  NHS England, 2015

[3] Reading between the lines. Results of a survey of tobacco control leads in local authorities in England. ASH/Cancer Research UK, 2016

[4] West, R. et al.  Performance of English stop smoking services in first 10 years: analysis of service monitoring data.  BMJ2013;347:f4921 doi: 10.1136/bmj.f4921

[5] Statement by the new Prime Minister, Theresa May 13 July 2016

A briefing for local councillors on the importance of the Stop Smoking Services is available from our Local Resources section.