Health effects of environmental tobacco smoke



Friday 17 October 1997

ASH/ Press releases/

 

102 Clifton Street, London EC2A 4HW Tel: (020) 7739 5902 Fax: (020) 7613 0531

Press release17 October 1997 ASH
Action on Smoking
and Health

 

Health effects of Environmental Tobacco Smoke
An estimate for the UK based on US and California data
US California UK
Population (million) 265 32 55
Developmental
Low birthweight (max) 18,600 2,200 3,805
(min) 9,700 1,200 2,075
Cot death – SIDS (max) 2,700 120 208
(min) 1,900
Respiratory effects in children
Middle ear infection (max) 1,600,000 188,700 326,368
(min) 700,000 78,600 135,943
Asthma induction – new cases (max) 26,000 3,120 5,396
(min) 8,000 960 1,660
Asthma exacerbation (max) 1,000,000 120,000 207,547
(min) 400,000 48,000 83,019
Bronchitis or pneumonia in infants – cases (max) 300,000 36,000 62,264
(min) 150,000 18,000 31,132
Bronchitis or pneumonia in infants – hospitalisations (max) 15,000 1,800 3,113
(min) 7,500 900 1,557
Bronchitis or pneumonia in infants – deaths (max) 212 25 44
(min) 136 16 28
Cancer
Lung 3,000 360 623
Nasal sinus NA NA NA
Cardiovascular
Ischemic heart disease (max) 62,000 7,440 12,868
(min) 35,000 4,200 7,264
Column 1&2 (US and California) are from the California EPA report
The figures for California were derived from US figures multiplied by 12%,
which is the California share of the US population. Exceptions are low infant birth weight
and SIDS which are figures for California
Column 3 is an estimate for the UK using the same approach.
This approach includes an implicit assumption that smoking behaviour, exposure
and susceptibility are similar for California and the US and for the UK and California.
ie. the UK figures are 55/32 x the California figures.
This assumption was made by the authors of the California EPA report and we
we believe it to be a fair, and probably cautious, approximation for the UK.

 

 

Contact Clive Bates, Director (020) 7739 5902
Amanda Sandford, Communications Director (020) 7739 5902

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