ASH Daily News for 2 August 2018



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UK

  • Claims that e-cigarettes could be taxed to raise £20 billion for NHS
  • Vype e-cigarettes recalled over fire safety fears
  • Sheffield: Potential smoking ban at bus and tram stops
  • London: Smoking rates declining in Southwark
  • What happens when you quit cigarettes?

International

  • US: New wearable sensor technology may help quit smoking
  • US: Modest exercise can curb weight gain after quitting smoking

UK

Claims that e-cigarettes could be taxed to raise £20 billion for NHS

Vaping could be taxed in an attempt by the Treasury to fund the extra £20 billion pledged to the NHS. It is reported that a Whitehall source believes vapers may see a tax increase above VAT at the next budget.

Users typically spend around £275 a year on vaping fluid. This means a five per cent tax would cost them £13.75 a year, raising almost £40 million.

See also:
Express, Vape tax intended to raise extra £40 million set to harm UK’s 2.9 million vapers
Daily Mail, E-cigarettes could be taxed for the first time as Treasury looks to raise £20 billion promised to the NHS

Source: The Sun, 1st August 2018

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Vype e-cigarettes recalled over fire safety fears

A safety notice has been issued after some consumers have reported problems with Vype eTank Pro devices, owned by British American Tobacco. The issue relates to the potential for the battery in the e-cigarettes to short circuit, which may pose a fire risk. Vype is therefore asking customers who purchased the device or its standalone battery to return the product, so it can be replaced.

See also:  Daily Mail, Vype e-cigarettes sold at Sainsbury’s have been urgently recalled

Source: The Sun, 1st August 2018

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Sheffield: Potential smoking ban at bus and tram stops

Smokers in Sheffield could be stopped from smoking at bus and tram stops, after the council confirmed it was looking at introducing smokefree shelters across the city. Moving forward, members of the public could be asked to give their views on smokefree bus and tram shelters as well as smokefree school gates and public family events.

“We will do further consultation for any public space. It’s never a ban, it’s a smokefree ask,” said Sarah Hepworth, Health Improvement Principal.

Greg Fell, Director of Public Health at Sheffield City Council said “Enforceability is a very important thing. We’re not going to send police marching up and down the moor trying to take people’s cigarettes from them, if we head towards that [further smokefree places] we have to do it with the support of the people of Sheffield.”

Source: Yorkshire Post, 1st August 2018

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London: Smoking rates declining in Southwark

Southwark’s labourers, cleaners and hospitality staff appear to be switching smoking for e-cigarettes, according to statistics.

The percentage of smokers in routine and manual occupations has dropped from more than 25% in 2015, to 18.5% in 2016 – below the London average of 25%, and the country-wide rate of 27%, according to Southwark Council documents. Smoking prevalence across the borough is also reducing, with 15.3% of residents smoking in 2016, compared to 15.9% in 2015.

However, Southwark Council’s director of health and wellbeing, Kevin Fenton, said the sharp decline in smokers in routine and manual jobs could not be confirmed as a trend until next year’s data becomes available. Speaking to the council’s health and wellbeing board, he said: “One of the things you learn is that we never look up one year’s data and then celebrate, so we are waiting and we are looking forward to the data from 2017 to confirm the trend.”

The 2017 data is yet to be included in this analysis but can be accessed here.

Source: News Shopper, 1st August 2018

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What happens when you quit cigarettes?

Smoking increases the risk of developing heart disease, stroke and lung cancer and harms nearly every organ of the body. Indeed, about 90,000 people die every year in the UK because of their smoking habit.

According to the NHS, the positive health effects begin just 20 minutes after quitting, since the pulse rate returns to normal. Then, after eight hours, nicotine and carbon monoxide levels in blood reduce by more than half, and oxygen levels return to normal. After 12 hours, the total amount of carbon monoxide in the body returns to normal, and the heart doesn’t have to pump so hard to push oxygen around the body. Three days into quitting it’s significantly easier to breathe, and patients have more energy.

Over the next three months, circulation throughout the body improves and becomes more efficient. The lungs become stronger and clearer, and the risk of heart attack has been reduced. Indeed, after one full year, the risk of heart disease is about half compared with a person that’s still smoking, and ten years later, the chances of developing lung cancer are about half that of a smoker. Another five years on, heart attack risk is the same as someone that’s never smoked a single cigarette.

Source: Express, 1st August 2018

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International

US: New wearable sensor technology may help quit smoking

Using wearable sensor technology, researchers have developed an automatic alert system that may help people to quit smoking by sending video messages. The smartphone app automatically texts 20 to 120-second video messages to smokers when sensors detect specific arm and body motions associated with smoking.

According to the researchers, the mobile alert system may be the first that combines an existing online platform with mindfulness training and a personalised plan for quitting smoking. It also combines a personalised text-messaging service that reminds the user of either their own plan to quit, or sends video messages that stress the health and financial benefits of quitting.

See also:
Science Direct, Are you smoking? Automatic alert system helping people keep away from cigarettes

Source: The Asian Independent, 2nd August 2018

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US: Modest exercise can curb weight gain after quitting smoking

A new study suggests that even a modest amount of weekly exercise can minimise weight gain after quitting smoking. Nearly 7 of 10 US adult smokers say they want to quit, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, but the fear of gaining weight discourages some from doing so. For three years, the study team tracked 4,717 female smokers, ages 50 to 70, who were participating in the long-term Women’s Health Initiative study. The 2,282 women who quit smoking gained an overall average of 3.5 kilograms (7.72 lb).

“We found even a little bit of physical activity minimised weight gain after women stopped smoking,” study leader Juhua Luo of the School of Public Health at Indiana University in Bloomington told Reuters Health. They found that even walking for a weekly total of about 90 minutes at three miles per hour was enough to minimise weight gain after smoking cessation. The best results were seen when women engaged in 150 minutes of moderate intensity activity per week.

See also:
Menopause, Physical activity and weight gain after smoking cessation in postmenopausal women

Source: Reuters, 1st August 2018

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