ASH Daily news for 18 September 2015



HEADLINES

  • Passive smoking raises risk of type 2 diabetes
  • Northern Ireland: People urged to back smoke free plans
  • Wales: See the players your club could afford if your town quit smoking
  • Most of the world’s smokers have no plans to quit
  • WHO European Region Member States commit to denormalizing tobacco
  • Ireland: E-cigarettes must not be marketed to under-18s under new ad guidelines
  • Ireland: Minister gets backing on his refusal to meet tobacco lobbyists over packaging
  • Pakistan: Philip Morris ties $100 million investment to eradication of illicit trade
  • US: UPS must face New York lawsuit over illegal cigarette shipments
  • Pakistan: MoU signed to launch campaign for tobacco-free higher education sector

    Passive smoking raises risk of type 2 diabetes

    Non-smokers who breathe in other people’s cigarette smoke are at significantly higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, research published today shows.

    “Passive smoking” increases a non-smoker’s chances of becoming a diabetic by 22% compared with the chances for those who have never inhaled tobacco smoke, the study says.

    Deborah Arnott, chief executive of the anti-smoking charity Ash, said: “We already know that smoking increases the risk of type 2 diabetes but it now appears that people exposed to secondhand smoke and former smokers are also at risk.

    “We advise smokers with diabetes who want to stop smoking to use licensed nicotine products or electronic cigarettes which will deal with any cravings and will help them manage their diet to avoid putting on excess weight.”

    The new study calculates that light, moderate, and heavy smokers are at respectively a 21%, 34% and 57% higher risk, relative to lifetime non-smokers, of developing diabetes due to the habit.

    It also estimates that 27.8m cases of diabetes worldwide – amounting to 11.7% of the male incidents and 2.4% of the female incidents – could be due to smoking.

    In a linked opinion piece in the journal five authors say that doctors should tell patients who smoke that lighting up puts them at extra risk of developing diabetes as well as cancer, stroke and heart attack.

    See also:
    – Passive smokers have 20% higher risk of diabetes, new study finds, The Independent
    – Passive smokers in diabetes alert: Risk of developing Type 2 increases by 22% compared to non-smokers, Daily Mail

    Source: The Guardian – 17 September 2015
    Link: http://bit.ly/1P6XpfL

    Northern Ireland: People urged to back smoke free plans

    The Southern Trust is calling on local people to get involved in making all health and social care sites completely smoke free by No Smoking Day on March 9 next year.

    A Smoke Free policy has been in place in the Trust since 2008 which prohibits smoking in all of its buildings except those registered under The Residential Care Homes Order (NI) – which have a designated smoking room.

    This latest move means that smoking will no longer be permitted anywhere on Southern Trust grounds, buildings, entrances, car parks or in cars by anyone including patients, clients, visitors, staff, and contracted workers.

    Source: Lurgan Mail – 16 September 2015
    Link: http://bit.ly/1P700Gk

    Wales: See the players your club could afford if your town quit smoking

    Public Health Wales has calculated how much money could be spent on bringing start players to local football clubs if money saved by fans quitting smoking was pooled.

    The figure is calculated on just under 20% of the population smoking 12 cigarettes a day at a cost of £1,752 a year.

    Source: Daily Post – 16 September 2015
    Link: http://bit.ly/1P70ufP

    Most of the world’s smokers have no plans to quit

    Most smokers aged 15 and older around the world aren’t even thinking about quitting, according to surveys of 21 countries that together make up more than half the world’s population. The data published today by the CDC show that, on average, three-quarters of smokers in the nations surveyed haven’t attempted to quit in the past year and have no intention of trying in the year ahead. In such countries as China, Indonesia, and Russia, it’s more than 80 percent.

    [includes graphs]

    Source: Bloomberg – 17 September 2015
    Link: http://bloom.bg/1P70X1i

    WHO European Region Member States commit to denormalizing tobacco

    The ministers of health from the 53 Member States of the WHO European Region have signed up to a roadmap that will make it possible for coming generations to make tobacco a thing of the past. The roadmap was presented to the 65th session of the Regional Committee for Europe in Vilnius, Lithuania.

    In Turkmenistan in December 2013, Member States adopted a declaration with a vision of a Europe in which tobacco is a thing of the past. The roadmap follows up on that commitment.

    The roadmap lists the actions with the greatest impact in specific areas. One area involves the denormalization of tobacco, by:

    – enforcing smoke-free legislation;
    – enforcing comprehensive bans on all tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship; and
    – increasing public awareness.

    See also:
    – WHO aims to make Europeans start moving, stop smoking, Health Medicine Network

    Source: Bloomberg – 16 September 2015
    Link: http://bloom.bg/1P7164Y

    Ireland: E-cigarettes must not be marketed to under-18s under new ad guidelines

    New guidelines unveiled by the Advertising Standards Authority for Ireland (ASAI) said manufacturers must not market their products directly at those under 18, and that they may not promote their use as a healthier alternative to smoking.

    They have also ruled out the use of celebrities or healthcare professionals in adverts.

    See also:
    – Crackdown on ads for e-cigarettes aimed at under-18s, Independent.ie

    Source: Herald – 18 September 2015
    Link: http://bit.ly/1P72dBQ

    Ireland: Minister gets backing on his refusal to meet tobacco lobbyists over packaging

    Children’s Minister James Reilly has been assured that his officials are under no obligation to meet representatives of the tobacco industry.

    Dr Reilly sought guarantees from the Department of Public Expenditure and Reform in response to attempts by one of the world’s largest tobacco firms to meet government officials over regulation of the industry.

    JTI Ireland has been frustrated by Dr Reilly’s refusal to engage with them over his plans to introduce plain packaging for tobacco products by 2017. The tobacco firm has launched a legal challenge in an attempt to block the proposal.

    Referring to recently enacted Lobbying Act, JTI Ireland said that the laws ensure “all registered lobbyists will be protected from unfair and arbitrary exclusion”.

    But the Department of Public Expenditure, which drafted the lobbying legislation, told Dr Reilly that the act does not place any obligation on government departments to meet lobbyists.

    See also:
    – Howlin tells Reilly officials are not obliged to meet tobacco firms, Independent.ie

    Source: Herald – 17 September 2015
    Link: http://bit.ly/1P733yt

    Pakistan: Philip Morris ties $100 million investment to eradication of illicit trade

    Philip Morris Pakistan has threatened to withdraw investment in the country unless the Pakistani Finance Minister Ishaq Dar takes immediate steps to root out illicit trade of non-duty paid cigarettes.

    Source: Business Recorder – 18 September 2015
    Link: http://bit.ly/1OC82Ji

    US: UPS must face New York lawsuit over illegal cigarette shipments

    A federal judge said New York State and New York City may pursue a lawsuit accusing United Parcel Service Inc (UPS.N) of illegally delivering more than 683,000 cartons of untaxed cigarettes in the state, depriving them of millions of dollars in taxes.

    U.S. District Judge Katherine Forrest in Manhattan rejected UPS’ argument that the lawsuit, which sought more than $181 million of damages and penalties, did not properly allege that it delivered contraband cigarettes to unauthorized recipients, or did so deliberately.

    Source: Yahoo!/Reuters – 17 September 2015
    Link: http://yhoo.it/1OC8ibl

    Pakistan: MoU signed to launch campaign for tobacco-free higher education sector

    The Pakistani Higher Education Commission (HEC) has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Capital Administration and Development Division (CADD) to launch a campaign for a tobacco-free higher education sector.

    The MoU was signed after a seminar titled ‘Drugs and Tobacco Use: Trend, Impact and Control’

    Speaking during the seminar, HEC Chairman Dr. Mukhtar Ahmed declared HEC a smoke-free facility. He said that this is the first step towards encouragement of smoke-free universities and higher education sector. He said that those found smoking inside HEC premises will be fined and a task force will be established to implement this initiative.

    See also:
    – Anti-tobacco drive: University campuses to go smoke free, Tribune

    Source: The News – 17 Se

ptember 2015
Link: http://bit.ly/1OC8Fmj