ASH Daily news for 10 July 2015



HEADLINES

  • New analysis of smoking and schizophrenia suggests possible causal link
  • Council team recognised for success at getting tobacco-users to quit
  • Jarrow: Cigarette filter factory looking to close because of decline in Western smokers
  • Smoking banned in cars with children
  • US: With feds slow to act, states target e-cigarette sales to minors
  • France: Tobacco sales rise for first time in years
  • Chile: BAT to cut operations as Congress debates tobacco law
  • US: Democrats accuse Republicans of siding with tobacco industry over children’s health
  • Canada: Big tobacco says it can’t afford to pay Quebecers billions

    New analysis of smoking and schizophrenia suggests possible causal link

    In a large review of the evidence, scientists say they have found that cigarettes may be a causal factor in the development of psychosis.

    After analyzing almost 15,000 tobacco users and 273,000 non users and their relative rates of psychosis – where patients can experience delusions, paranoia and hear voices in their heads – the researchers said cigarette smoking appears to increase risk.

    “While it’s always hard to determine the direction of causality, our findings indicate that smoking should be taken seriously as a possible risk factor for developing psychosis,” James MacCabe, a psychosis expert who co-led the research at King’s College London’s Institute of Psychiatry, told reporters.

    He added, however, that tobacco was only one of many factors, including certain genetic, diet, lifestyle and other influences, raising a person’s risk of developing schizophrenia.

    See also:
    – Smoking cigarettes may increase risk of schizophrenia, study shows, BMJ
    – Smoking ‘could cause schizophrenia’, say scientists, The Independent
    – Smoking can cause serious mental illnesses like schizophrenia, warn experts, Daily Mirror
    – How smoking could raise the risk of psychosis: Nicotine may interfere with how brain responds to pleasure and reward, leading to serious mental conditions, Daily Mail
    – Smoking ‘may play schizophrenia role’, BBC News
    – Smoking tobacco might increase risk of schizophrenia, say researchers, The Guardian
    – Smoking may trigger schizophrenia, scientists warn, The Telegraph
    – Smoking could help trigger schizophrenia, study suggests, ITV

    Source: Reuters – 10 July 2015
    Link: http://reut.rs/1dPTh6g

    Council team recognised for success at getting tobacco-users to quit

    Bexley’s stop smoking service has won a national award in recognition of its efforts in tackling high rates of smoking addiction in mental health settings, of its support to pregnant women and their partners to quit, and of its support to residents in quitting in areas with high smoking rates.

    The award was presented by the CLeaR partnership, which works with local authorities across England to support progress in reducing smoking. The CLeaR partnership comprises Public Health England (PHE), Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) and Cancer Research UK.

    Source: Bexley Times – 09 July 2015
    Link: http://bit.ly/1dPU2fL

    Jarrow: Cigarette filter factory looking to close because of decline in Western smokers

    The cigarette filter factory in Jarrow, Essentra plc (head-quartered in Singapore), has said it is looking to shut its site.

    The business is entering a consultation over plans to shift manufacturing, product development and innovation to its facility in Hungary.

    If confirmed, the changes would take place by the end of the year.

    Source: ITV – 09 July 2015
    Link: http://bit.ly/1dPVwXg

    Smoking banned in cars with children

    The Department of Health has issued guidance on the implementation of the ban on smoking in cars and tobacco control measures due to be implemented on 01 October 2015.

    From that date, it will be an offence for a person of any age to smoke in a private vehicle that is carrying someone who is under 18 and for a driver (including a provisional driver) not to stop someone smoking in these circumstances

    The rules don’t apply to e-cigarettes.

    See also:
    – Guidance – New rules about tobacco, e-cigarettes and smoking, Department of Health

    Source: Cumbria Crack – 09 July 2015
    Link: http://bit.ly/1dPT5US

    US: With feds slow to act, states target e-cigarette sales to minors

    Frustrated by the slow pace of federal action, state attorneys general are waging their own campaigns against the sale and advertising of e-cigarettes to minors.

    More than a dozen AGs, including those in New York, California, Indiana and Ohio, are using new state and local laws – some of which they helped craft – to put pressure on the industry at all levels, from neighborhood vape shops to big tobacco companies like Altria Group and Reynolds American Inc.

    Much of the campaign so far has involved threats to sue violators or appeals to a company’s sense of responsibility, though some lawsuits have been filed, too.

    Source: Reuters – 10 July 2015
    Link: http://reut.rs/1dPUc6P

    France: Tobacco sales rise for first time in years

    New figures show that cigarette sales have risen in France for the first time since 2009.

    The French Observatory of Drugs and Addiction reported a 7 per cent increase in cigarette sales in March 2015 compared to the same month last year.

    There was also an increase of 12 per cent in sales of rolling tobacco – which have reached a record high.

    Source: The Local – 09 July 2015
    Link: http://bit.ly/1dPUgU0

    Chile: BAT to cut operations as Congress debates tobacco law

    The Chilean unit of British American Tobacco said it would shut some operations in Chile and seek damages for infringement of its rights after Congress voted to force cigarettes to be sold with plain generic packaging and to ban flavourings.

    Chile’s Senate this week approved in a first reading making cigarette manufacturers use generic labelling limited to 30% of the total package, to put health warnings on two sides of the packages and to ban flavourings, such as menthol.

    British American Tobacco said it would cut at least 20% of its jobs in Chile as a result of Congress’s measures, which it said will lead to increased use of illegal cigarettes and a decline of $400 million in tax revenue. The company says it has about 1,000 employees.

    The Senate will still have to vote again on the entire proposal, as will the lower house, the Chamber of Deputies, a senate spokeswoman said. The bill was introduced into Congress in 2013, aiming to bring Chile’s antismoking legislation into line with tougher international standards.

    The company has operated in Chile since 1909 and has an estimated 90% share of the market.

    Source: Morning Star – 09 July 2015
    Link: http://bit.ly/1dPUYRc

    US: Democrats accuse Republicans of siding with tobacco industry over children’s health

    Democrats have accused Republicans of “tucking a special interest giveaway to the tobacco industry” in an agriculture appropriations bill. The White House said that spending bills should be “free of ideological provisions”. Public health groups warned they’re putting children at risk.

    But Republicans stood fast on Wednesday to vote down a Democratic amendment to strip out language exempting tobacco products, which are already on the market, from a retroactive review by the federal government.

    Source: Washington Post – 09 July 2015
    Link: http://wapo.st/1dPV8Iu

    Canada: Big tobacco says it can’t afford to pay Quebecers billions

    Three major cigarette companies were back in court yesterday, beginning the appeal process for the historic $15-billion payout for Quebec smoking victims.

    When the judgment came down, the judge ordered that the tobacco companies pay a $1 billion immediately to the victims, people who believed the fake scientific arguments brought forward over a quarter of a century ago by those companies that suggested smoking wasn’t as dangerous for your health as most scientists had claimed it was. That ruling was made because the judge believed that by the time all appeals were over, the plaintifs would be dead.

    Among other things, the tobacco companies say they’re unable to pay that money, and that even paying a portion of that amount could push them to the brink of bankruptcy.

    The tobacco companies argue that in the event they win their appeal, they wouldn’t be able to recoup the $1 billion they’ve been ordered to pay out. The appeal process could last years.

    [includes video]

    Source: CTV News – 09 July 2015
    Link: http://bit.ly/1dPVizm