ASH Daily news for 07 April 2016



HEADLINES

  • World Health Day: lifestyle factors that contribute to diabetes
  • Light hookah (waterpipe) use causes lung damage
  • Wales: Plaid Cymru unveils 2016 manifesto
  • USA: Challenging the American consensus on electronic cigarettes: The English raise the ante
  • USA: Massachusetts ban on smokeless tobacco in ballparks comes into force
  • Kenya: New laws to be imposed on tobacco

    World Health Day: lifestyle factors that contribute to diabetes

    The number of people in the world with diabetes has risen from just 108 million in 1980 to 422 million in 2014, which is why the World Health Organization is drawing attention to its dangers on World Health Day.

    There are many lifestyle factors that can contribute to the onset of diabetes including smoking. Tobacco can increase blood sugar levels and lead to insulin resistance. The more a person smokes, the greater the risk of diabetes. Heavy smokers on more than 20 a day almost double their risk of developing the disease compared to non-smokers.

    Advice from the World Health Organization is to cut down or, better still, quit altogether.

    Source: Metro 7 April 2016
    Link: http://bit.ly/1qvrfE5

    Light hookah (waterpipe) use causes lung damage

    New research published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine has found that even light use of hookah, or waterpipe, causes lung abnormalities.

    The researchers recruited light-use waterpipe smokers in New York City, who were an average age of 24. Light-use smoking was defined as smoking no more than three bowls per week, for fewer than 5 years. Results showed that, compared with non-smokers, hookah smokers coughed more and produced more sputum. Additionally, there were “marked changes in the cells lining the airways” in hookah smokers.

    They also observed an increase in small particle shedding by lung endothelial cells, which Dr. Crystal, lead researcher, says “is indicative of ongoing damage to the capillaries.”

    See also:
    Full research: Pulmonary abnormalities in young, light use waterpipe (hookah) smokers
    This is Money: Just ONE hookah pipe ‘exposes the smoker to 100 times more tar and 4 times as much nicotine as one cigarette’

    Source: Medical News Today 7 April 2016
    Link: http://bit.ly/1SC0C7c

    Wales: Plaid Cymru unveils 2016 manifesto

    Yesterday Plaid Cyrmu’s Leader, Leanne Wood, launched her party’s policies ahead of the May 5 election. Included in the 191 page document was a notable focus on public health, with proposals to extend the smoking ban, increase tax on fizzy drinks and introduce a minimum unit price for alcohol.
    As part of their broader public health plans they want to:ban smoking in parks, play areas, outside schools and on beaches; consult on raising the age to buy cigarettes to 21; and help colleges and universities to ban smoking on campuses.

    These plans are aimed at driving down rates of smoking and decreasing exposure to secondhand smoke, as part of a bid to save 10,000 lives over the next 10 years.

    Source: Daily Post 6 April 2016
    Link: http://bit.ly/1Wem0ot

    USA: Challenging the American consensus on electronic cigarettes: The English raise the ante

    To e-puff or not to e-puff: that is the question. Last year Public Health England (PHE), released an evidence review recommending that smokers who cannot or will not quit cigarettes try electronic cigarettes. PHE’s position is contrary to the U.S., where many prominent tobacco control advocates, public health officials, and policymakers are critical of electronic cigarettes.

    In a new, thought-provoking “Perspective” in the New England Journal of Medicine, the debate continues. In a piece entitled: Evidence, Policy, and E-Cigarettes – Will England reframe the debate? researchers from Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health draw on the history of harm reduction in the UK and U.S. to focus on the question: Do electronic cigarettes work against reducing tobacco smoking or offer the possibility of minimising harm for those who just cannot quit tobacco cigarettes?

    See also
    New England Journal of Medicine: Evidence, Policy, and E-Cigarettes — Will England Reframe the Debate?

    Source: EurekAlert 6 April 2016
    Link: http://bit.ly/1WeofrP

    USA: Massachusetts ban on smokeless tobacco in ballparks comes into force

    Last Friday, a Boston ordinance banning the use of smokeless (chewing) tobacco in city ballparks officially took effect, putting Boston in league with the cities of New York, Los Angeles, and San Francisco.

    This move follows recent calls by US Representatives for all ballparks to ban chewing tobacco.

    Source: WGBH News 6 April 2016
    Link: http://bit.ly/1Sevieh

    Kenya: New laws to be imposed on tobacco

    New laws regulating the manufacture, sale and advertising of tobacco products are expected to take effect in Kenya from September, according to a Business Daily Africa story relayed by the TMA.

    This follows the rejection by the High Court of a lawsuit filed by BAT Kenya challenging the Tobacco Control Regulations 2014. The Kenyan Government can now press ahead with implementing these laws required under the WHO’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.

    Source: Tobacco Reporter 6 April 2016
    Link: http://bit.ly/209NJXs