ASH Daily News 15 August 2017



International

  • USA: Study shows the occasional cigarette risks your health just as much as smoking a pack a day
  • USA: Study on mice shows potential effect of e-cigarettes on cardiovascular ageing
  • New Zealand: Vaping ‘the new oil rush’ as big tobacco eyes New Zealand
  • Australia: Survey indicates number of smokers increasing while percentages stay the same

 

International

USA: Study shows the occasional cigarette risks your health just as much as smoking a pack a day

A new study conducted by Ohio State University with other nursing and health services researchers has found that those who enjoy the occasional cigarette in social situations are risking their health just as much as the person who smokes a pack or more a day. The study focused on measuring blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

Source: International Business Times, 14 August 2017

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USA: Study on mice shows potential effect of e-cigarettes on cardiovascular ageing

Researchers from West Virginia University analysed the artery diameter and stiffness of mice after short and long-term exposure to a flavored e-cigarette. Short-term exposure was defined as five minutes.

Results reveal that mice’s arteries narrow by 30 percent within an hour of a five-minute exposure to e-cigarette vapor. Their arteries’ ability to dilate, and consequently lower blood pressure, is also diminished. When exposed to long-term e-cigarette use, mice develop arteries that are more than twice as stiff as those not given any nicotine.

Editorial Note: This was a study of 10 mice exposed to fairly high levels of vaper. The study did not include a comparison for the impact of tobacco smoke. It is not clear from this study how transferable the findings are to humans nor if the levels of exposure used appropriately replicates real world exposure.

Source: Daily Mail, 14 August 2017

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New Zealand: Vaping ‘the new oil rush’ as big tobacco eyes New Zealand

The Government intends to legalise and regulate products containing nicotine by early next year with an amendment to the Smokefree Environments Act.

E-cigarette use, commonly known as vaping, is becoming increasingly popular in New Zealand as the price of tobacco continues to rise and its associated health risks are emphatically publicised.

Source: New Zealand Herald, 13 August 2017

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Australia: Survey indicates number of smokers increasing while percentages stay the same

The number of smokers in Australia is reported to have increased. A standstill in the national smoking rate since 2013, combined with rapid population growth, has pushed up the number of regular smokers by more than 21,000 to 2.4 million according to Colin Mendelsohn, a staff member at the University of New South Wales. However, the percentage of the population that smokes has not gone up.

Editorial Note: The figures presented here to suggest that smoking rates in Australia are increasing are misleading. By reporting the numbers of smokers rather than the percentage of people who smoke it is possible to show an increase in the number of smokers due to the increase in the size of the Australian population in large part due to inward migration. Measures such as taxation, controlling advertising and mass media campaigns have been shown to be highly effective ways of reducing rates of smoking around the world.

Source: The Australian, 14 August 2017

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ASH Daily News comprises digests of published news on smoking-related topics. ASH is not responsible for the content of external websites. ASH does not necessarily endorse the material contained in this bulletin.