ASH Daily News 14 November 2017



UK

  • Study discovers genetic signature of form of bladder cancer
  • East Midlands: Leicester nurses take e-cigarette message to shoppers who smoke
  • West Midlands: Illegal tobacco worth £50k seized in Stourbridge
  • North West: Preston hosts Cancer Research awareness roadshow
  • Scotland: North Ayrshire schools looking to become smokefree zones

International

  • Report finds diet, smoking and alcohol main causes of death in OECD countries
  • USA: Study links smoking cessation increase to medical insurance cover
  • India: Schools urged to penalise nearby tobacco sellers

Parliamentary Activity

  • Parliamentary Question

 

UK

Study discovers genetic signature of form of bladder cancer

Researchers from the University of Leeds have discovered the “genetic signatures” of the most prevalent type of bladder cancer. The breakthrough could enable better-targeted treatment of the disease.

Currently, all patients with the non-invasive form of the cancer are treated similarly, however more knowledge about genetic mutations involved in subtypes of the disease could mean treatment could be more targeted.

The genetic mutations that lead to the development of tumours are largely caused by environmental factors, including smoking.

See also
Cancer Cell: Genomic Subtypes of Non-invasive Bladder Cancer with Distinct Metabolic Profile and Female Gender Bias in KDM6A Mutation Frequency

Source: Medical Xpress, 13 November 2017
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East Midlands: Leicester nurses take e-cigarette message to shoppers who smoke

Lung cancer nurses in Leicester will be encouraging shoppers who smoke to switch to e-cigarettes at a shopping centre this week.

As part of lung cancer awareness month, the specialists will run a stall at Beaumont Leys Shopping Centre. They are seeking to highlight the potential of e-cigarettes to be a tool for harm reduction or and an aid to quitting.

Louise Ross, stop smoking service manager for Leicester City Council, said: “We know that vaping is at least 95% safer than smoking, and that people who switch to vaping do very well with their quit attempt.”

Source: Nursing Times, 13 November 2017
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West Midlands: Illegal tobacco worth £50k seized in Stourbridge

Following a joint operation between Trading Standards and Police, over £50,000 in illicit tobacco and cigarettes has been seized in Stourbridge.

Dudley Trading Standards and West Midlands Police both contributed to the operation, which comes as part of the Safer 6 campaign.

The shops investigated could face a fine and up to 10 years’ imprisonment.

Source: Express and Star, 14 November 2017
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North West: Preston hosts Cancer Research awareness roadshow

St George’s shopping centre in Preston will be host to a Cancer Research roadshow aimed at raising awareness around cancer.

Nurses will provide information and lifestyle advice to help prevent cancers. Props include a “tar jar” that displays the effect of smoking over a year.

According to the charity, over 40% of cancer cases could be prevented. Smoking is the biggest single preventable cause of cancer.

Source: Lancashire Evening Post, 13 November 2017
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Scotland: North Ayrshire schools looking to become smokefree zones

North Ayrshire Council will be discussing proposals for a blanket ban on smoking across all school grounds. This would include all front gate areas and playparks.

Councillor Joe Cullinane, Leader of North Ayrshire Council, said, “As well as creating a safe and secure environment for our young people, it is about sending out the right message to them.

“We are trying to create a healthier North Ayrshire and the young people are absolute key to this. We’re delighted that our schools are right behind this and fully supportive of this initiative.”

Source: Daily Record, 14 November 2017
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International

Report finds diet, smoking and alcohol main causes of death in OECD countries

The OECD “Health at a Glance” Report 2017 has examined death rates and causes of death in OECD countries. According to the report, over 10 million deaths were recorded in 2015, with smoking among the most important causes of these deaths.

The report also found a decrease in deaths due to heart disease in countries such as Denmark and the Netherlands. This decrease was linked to a reduction in the rate of smoking

See also
OECD Library: Health at a Glance 2017

Source: Medical News, 13 November 2017
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USA: Study links smoking cessation increase to medical insurance cover

In the USA, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) ensured more low-income adults were newly covered by a medical insurance programme, Medicaid. Those who ended up newly covered were more likely to quit smoking than counterparts in states that did not offer the medical insurance expansion, according to research from the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health.

The ACA meant states could expand Medicaid cover to low-income adults, and state Medicaid programmes had to offer smoking cessation services.

Those in states where insurance cover was expanded had an 8.1% rate of smoking cessation, compared with a 6% rates in states that did not expand cover.

See also
Medical Care: Medicaid Coverage Expansions and Cigarette Smoking Cessation Among Low-income Adults

Source: Medical Xpress, 13 November 2017
Read Article

 

India: Schools urged to penalise nearby tobacco sellers

The Government of West Bengal has instructed schools to impose a fine on anyone selling tobacco products within 100 yards of premises.

Headmasters have also been told to put up “no smoking” signs around their schools. A recent study found that 68% of educational establishments had tobacco sellers in their vicinity.

Source: Asian Age, 14 November 2017
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Parliamentary Activity

Parliamentary Question

PQ: Smokefree NHS
Anna Turley, Labour/Co-operative, Redcar
To ask the Secretary of State for Health, if he will bring forward legislative proposals to prohibit smoking on the grounds of hospitals, health centres and other NHS buildings in England.

Steve Brine, The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Health
The Department supports the implementation of smokefree policies across all hospitals in England. The Government published the Tobacco Control Plan on 18 July 2017, which outlines the ambition of achieving a smokefree National Health Service estate by 2020. There are no plans for new legislation.

Citation: HC Deb, 13 November 2017, cW
Source: TheyWorkForYou