ASH Daily News 03 May 2017



  • New study shows smoking implicated in the pathology of autoimmune diseases
  • Hart District Council launches crack down on littering offences
  • Australia: New KPMG report for tobacco industry estimates 13.9% of tobacco consumption is made up of illicit cigarettes
  • Canada: New study released on young adult smokers
  • Minnesota, USA: Twin Cities Suburb Expected to Make Tobacco Buying Age 21
  • USA: Food and Drug Administration delays enforcement of stricter standards for e-cigarette, cigar industry

 

New study shows smoking implicated in the pathology of autoimmune diseases

New research published in the May 2017 issue of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology provides another reason why smoking tobacco is harmful. In the report, researchers from Denmark show that smokers have reduced levels of mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells, a cell type involved in autoimmune diseases. Not only does this information shed more light on the effects of smoking, but it also reveals possible strategies to mitigate these effects.

See also:
Jounal of Leukocyte Biology: Smoking reduces circulating CD26hiCD161hi MAIT cells in healthy individuals and patients with multiple sclerosis

Source: Medical Xpress, 2nd May 2017
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Hart District Council launches crack down on littering offences

The council has agreed a 12-month trial which will see officers patrolling hot spots and dishing out fixed penalty notices (FPNs) to offenders. Anyone caught will face a fine of £50 for not clearing up after their dog and £75 for throwing down litter, including cigarette butts and chewing gum.

The new “Stop It, Don’t Drop It” campaign comes into force on May 8.

Source: Get Hampshire, 2nd May 2017
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Australia: New KPMG report for tobacco industry estimates 13.9% of tobacco consumption is made up of illicit cigarettes

A report by KPMG, funded by Philip Morris Limited and Imperial Tobacco Australia Limited, estimates 13.9% of tobacco consumption in Australia is made up of illicit cigarettes and unbranded loose-leaf tobacco. The Illicit Tobacco in Australia 2016 report calls for a national strategy — similar to one in place in the UK — to tackle the issue.

KPMG states in the introduction to the report that “We have satisfied ourselves, so far as possible, that the information presented in this Report is consistent with our information sources but we have not sought to establish the reliability of the information sources by reference to other evidence.”

The UK government introduced a national strategy in 2000, and lost revenue dropped from $5.8 billion to $3.5 billion.

See also:
KPMG: Illicit tobacco in Australia: 2016 full report
Cancer Council Victoria: Critiques of previous KPMG reports

Source: Herald Sun, 2nd May 2017
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Canada: New study released on young adult smokers

A new study suggests the Canadian Government’s tobacco control policies have had a big blind spot: young adults. That’s the finding of new research published in the Canadian Journal of Public Health by Thierry Gagné, a doctoral student at Université de Montréal’s School of Public Health.

Over the last two decades, use of tobacco by high-school students has dropped dramatically but smoking rates of young people aged 18 to 25 have stayed relatively unchanged, with many young adults taking up the habit in college or on their first job. Researcher Thierry Gagne argues it’s now time to address this problem of delayed onset of smoking by extending prevention campaigns from teens to young adults.

See also:
Canadian Journal of Public Health: Trends in smoking initiation in Canada: Does non-inclusion of young adults in tobacco control strategies represent a missed opportunity?

Source: Medical Xpress, 2nd May 2017
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Minnesota, USA: Twin Cities Suburb Expected to Make Tobacco Buying Age 21

A Twin Cities suburb is poised to become the first city in Minnesota to raise the legal age to buy tobacco from 18 to 21.

Edina Mayor Jim Hovland said the measure is comparative to the move to eliminate smoking in public places. “All of that had its genesis at the local level,” Hovland said. “And it percolated up to the state Legislature where finally something got done about it.”

Hovland said the proposed ordinance has broad community support in Edina.

Source: US News, 2nd May 2017
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USA: Food and Drug Administration delays enforcement of stricter standards for e-cigarette, cigar industry

The Trump administration has delayed enforcement of a rule finalized last year that imposed strict oversight over electronic cigarettes and cigars for the first time.

The move, which the Justice Department revealed in court filings Monday night, comes as the vaping and tobacco industries are launching a concerted effort to roll back the Food and Drug Administration regulation through both legislation and litigation. A bipartisan group of lawmakers had tried over the weekend to insert language into a must-pass funding bill that would have exempted thousands of products from FDA scrutiny.

Source: Washington Post, 2nd May 2017
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