The tobacco industry has a long history of denying the health risks of smoking, of obscuring the truth about tobacco and deceiving smokers. Millions of internal industry documents were made public following extensive litigation in the United States, leading to the creation of the Truth Tobacco Industry Documents collection hosted by the University of California San Francisco.
Researchers at the University of Bath have also created TobaccoTactics – a unique academic resource that explores how the tobacco industry influences policy and public health in the UK, the EU, and internationally.
See also the Tobacco Industry section of ASH’s archived webpages on the British Library’s UK webarchive.
As public understanding of the adverse effects smoking has on life expectancy and wellbeing developed, industry pro-tobacco arguments diversified.
Now the industry has been forced to concede that smoking kills, efforts are increasingly concentrated on building libertarian and economic arguments against policies to reduce smoking prevalence, as scare tactics to deter policymakers from supporting tobacco control policies.
The Tobacconomics report, produced by ASH, reveals how the tobacco industry uses pseudo economic arguments to divert attention away from the health consequences of smoking to block new health regulations and ultimately protect its revenues. As the report shows, this goes as far as repeatedly misleading its own shareholders.
In propagating their economic arguments the tobacco firms have established a disparate and loose coalition of lobbyists, smaller retailers and businesses.
Some of these groups can be seen as no more than ‘fronts’ for industry interests. Many groups, however, have sided with the economic arguments used by the industry because it has roused their fears that tobacco regulation will damage their livelihood.
The three major pro-tobacco arguments developed by the industry and its lobbyists, which are recycled again and again for each new policy intervention, can be summarised as follows:
The report gives examples of how these arguments are developed and debunks the claims that support them.
However, no matter how spurious the economic arguments might be and how plain the evidence is to the contrary, these assertions capture media attention and assume an influence on policy makers disproportionate to their accuracy by dint of repetition and through powerful lobbying by vested interests.
A devastating assembly of tobacco industry quotes covering addiction, advertising, economics, agriculture, developing countries, secondhand smoke, smuggling, product design, youth and the companies’ own anti-smoking programmes, women, lobbying and media relations. It also challenges the companies’ attempts to distance themselves from the past.Read More
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